WHAT ARE THE THREADS FOR CARPET WEAVING MADE OF?
The carpet bazaars and stores offer wide range of flooring, woven from several types of yarns. How to figure out which one is best for you? Let's first get to the bottom of what's what.
The “SAG” factory produces carpets made from acrylic, viscose, polyester, polypropylene and from combined yarns. Almost all carpet collections have a natural jute or cotton backing.
Polypropylene fiber, PP
The advantage of this fiber is its cheap price. The look and quality of such carpets depend on the type of thread used. Made from BCF, Heatset and Friese, they resemble woolen.
The structure of the PP molecule is very dense. That’s why manufacturers dye threads while they are in liquid state in extruder. Thanks to that pigments do not fade. Polypropylene is the only material that initially prevents the accumulation of static electricity. So, you don’t have to buy an antistatic agent. Rugs are perfect for rooms where there are a lot of office equipment.
Polypropylene carpets are easy to take care of. They can be cleaned with various detergents that do not contain chlorine and solvents (gasoline, white spirit), they do not absorb moisture at all, and dirt does not penetrate into their structure.
Acrylic (polyacrylonitrate), PAN
Acrylic is one of the first synthetic fibers to be successfully used in the production of carpets. It’s made of natural gas.
Acrylic is currently the best substitute for wool, it is just as soft and flexible. Acrylic fibers are more sensitive to paint than their natural alternatives, so they always look very bright and attractive.
Polyester fiber has the most derivatives among all synthetic fibers. Polyester is the main component of such famous fabric brands as Trevira, Tergal, Diolen, Dacron and also carpets.
Polyester fiber is highly durable, stays in shape, does not wrinkle much. It is resistant to light and is not affected by moths and microorganisms. The yarn is quite soft and flexible. It has low hygroscopicity, that is, it does not absorb moisture.
In factories, liquid solutions of natural cellulose are treated with chemicals (caustic sodium): from spruce, pine, stems of some plants, and from cotton waste, they began to produce viscose.
Viscose thread is very soft, silky, it repeats natural materials - it allows moisture and air to pass well, does not accumulate static electricity, so some buyers mistakenly take it for natural.
Viscose fabrics can be given the character of linen, cotton, or wool by making threads glittery, processing them and crimping the fibers. Carpet makers most often use it as a more cost-effective alternative to silk.
Jute is used in the backing of carpets in economy and mid-range collections. Jute is already known to many, as they are widely used for the manufacture of burlaps, bags.
This giant grass grows in the subtropics, and grows to the height of mature tree in a year.
After harvesting, the bundles of stems are soaked in water for three weeks, then beaten with wooden hammers - the result: soft, flexible fibers.
Jute flooring is insect-resistant, which is appreciated by allergy sufferers. Natural jute fibers do not accumulate static electricity.
This raw material is also added to the backing of premium carpets. Carpet makers appreciate cotton because it holds its shape well and does not stretch.
The presence of cotton in carpets is a big plus: it significantly improves the environmental friendliness of the room, the material "breathes" – lets air through; cotton products tolerate high temperatures well.