05 / 08 / 2021

HOW DO PLASTIC BOTTLES TURN TO FABRIC? AND HOW CAN IT HELP TO SAVE THE PLANET?

If at the time of Amir Temur (Tamerlane) people invented and began to use plastic, then we would continue finding plastic waste everywhere even now, five centuries later. And if they threw garbage into the river, sea or ocean, and the sun and water split them into small particles, then the fish found in the waters all over the world would long ago become inedible. The toxic pieces of plastic, having absorbed even more hazardous elements, would accumulate in the human body. It would transmit from generation to generation, and possibly cause various mutations.

Who knows how children born now would look like? It’s scary to imagine our appearance.

The fact that humanity invented plastic and then became its slave is no longer a secret to anyone. Now people are simply drowning in it.

More than 9 billion 200 million tons of plastic products have been produced worldwide since the 1950s, according to the United Nations. And only 9 percent of the waste is recycled. The rest accumulates in huge landfills, polluting everything around.

Just think, 1 million plastic bottles are bought every minute in the world, and after single use thrown into the trash, causing animal deaths and the soil infertility.

One of the options for changing the tragic scenario is to minimize the use of plastic products or completely stop using them. Another way is recycling.

This is what the “Taft and Grass” company, which is part of the “SAG” holding located in Samarkand, has been doing, making a huge contribution to the preservation of nature for our children and grandchildren. Every day, tons of plastic bottles take on new life, turning into raw materials for further use.

Khursheda Ganieva, head of the quality control department of the "SAG" company:

- Almost 60 percent of the waste collected in landfills in Uzbekistan is plastic products. By purchasing some of them, we process and produce raw materials, from which new products are manufactured. This is how we contribute to the preservation of the environment.

Up to 20 tons of plastic bottles are delivered to the processing plant every day. They are sorted out by the staff according to their type and color, and then cleaned from the stickers. It is known that the world leaders in plastic pollution are “Coca-Cola”, “PepsiCo” and “Nestlé”. This is stated in the report of the international organization “Break Free From Plastic”. Most of the plastic containers recycled at the plant are products of these manufacturers. After cleaning, the bottles go through a crusher and turn into plastic granules. Then the employees of the plant, sorting through the particles, get rid of extraneous pieces.

In another workshop, the sparkling granules are loaded into a special production line that melts plastic particles and turns them into threads.

Polyester thread is widely used in the world in the production of textile, making fabrics stronger and more practical, which are later used in sewing clothes. You've probably noticed on clothing tags that where the addition of polyester is indicated.

This is how thrown away plastic products, which could pollute the soil, water and threaten the life of animals, are collected for processing and making new useful products.

And this is more than 300 thousand plastic bottles each day, which means 109 million 500 thousand units per year. And that is just in one factory! Recycling plastic products is one of the ways to save the planet from pollution, which means saving us, our children and grandchildren from a great tragedy.

Or would you leave a polluted Earth for them instead?

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